Common Types of Sarcomas

Cancer is a leading killer in the US and globally. Sarcoma is rare cancer that grows in the bones and soft tissues, such as blood vessels, fat, muscles, nerves, deep skin tissues, and fibrous tissues. Bone Sarcoma Peoria is more common among kids, while soft tissue sarcoma is more typically in adults.

Symptoms of sarcoma

Symptoms vary depending on your tumor’s location. For instance, some sarcomas may not cause visible indicators in the early phases. Some sarcomas might feel like a painless lump under the skin, while others don’t cause discomfort until they become large enough to press on an organ. Additionally, other sarcomas can produce long-term bone pain or swelling in your arm or leg, which worsens at night. These modifications may limit your mobility.

Indicators may include discomfort in an extremity (arm and leg) or abdomen, a new lump that may or may not hurt, difficulty moving your leg or arm (a limp or limited range of movement), unexplained weight loss, and back pain. Also, sarcoma shares indicators with various conditions. Your clinician can aid in determining whether your signs are related to sarcoma or another disorder.

Various causes of sarcoma

Sarcomas develop when immature bone or soft tissue cells have modifications to their DNA, and they evolve into cancer cells that grow in an unregulated way. They may form a mass or tumor that can invade your surrounding healthy tissues. If left untreated, cancer can spread to your bloodstream or lymphatic system from the primary region where it is formed to other organs (metastasis). Metastasized cancer is challenging to address.

Risk factors of sarcoma

Most sarcomas don’t have a known cause; however, numerous factors might increase your chance of having a sarcoma. The most typical sarcoma risk factors include the following:

  1. History of your radiation therapy

Those undergoing radiation treatment for previous cancers might have a higher risk of getting sarcoma.

  1. Genetic disorders

Those with a family history of inherited illnesses, like Von Recklinghausen’s disease (neurofibromatosis), tuberous sclerosis, Gardner syndrome, nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, Werner syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, or retinoblastoma, have a higher chance of acquiring a sarcoma.

  1. Chemical exposure

Exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (a component utilized to make certain types of plastics), dioxin, or arsenic may increase your chance of having sarcoma. Conversely, most sarcomas are not known to be linked with particular environmental hazards.

  1. Prolonged swelling

Having lymphedema, or swelling, in your arms or legs for a long time may raise your chance of getting sarcoma.

Sarcomas are cancers that begin in the bones or soft tissues, such as fat, muscles, nerves, and other organs. Symptoms differ based on the location of your tumor. If you have been diagnosed with sarcoma, remember that your treatment choices and prognosis depend on various circumstances. Also, treatment alternatives and likely results are as varied as sarcomas are. Call Arizona Center for Cancer Care or book your appointment online to determine whether you are an ideal candidate for sarcoma therapies.